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Descriptive Text

Tujuan Komunikatif :
Mendeskripsikan ciri-ciri seseorang, suatu benda atau tempat tertentu.
Struktur Teks:
* Pengenalan benda, orang atau sesuatu yang akan dideskripsikan.
* Deskripsi: menggambarkan ciri-ciri benda tersebut,misalnya berasal dari mana, warnanya, ukurannya, kesukaannya dsb. Deskripsi   ini hanya memberikan informasi mengenai benda atau orang tertentu yang sedang dibahas saja, misalnya deskripsi tentang ‘My Dog’. Ciri-ciri ‘anjing saya’ tersebut dapat berbeda dengan anjing yang lain.

Ciri Kebahasaan:
nouns tertentu, misalnya teacher, house,my rabbit, dsb.
simple present tense.
detailed noun phrase untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya : She is  a sweet young lady.
berbagai macam adjectives, yang bersifat describing, numbering, classifying, mis: two strong legs, two white fangs, dsb.
relating verbs untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya, My mum is realy cool, It has very thick fur, dsb.

thinking verbs dan feeling verbs untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis tentang subjek, mis: Police believe the suspect is armed, I think it is a clever animal, dsb. action verbs, misalnya Our new puppy bites our shoes, dsb.

abverbials untuk memberikan informasi tambahan tentang perilaku tersebut, misalnya fast, at the tree house, dsb.

bahasa figurative, seperti simile, metafor, misalnya John is white as chalk, sat tight, dsb

Contoh :

My Cute Funny Dog, Betty

I have a dog named Betty. Betty is my female dog. She is 3 years old now. She is cute and funny.

She always makes me smile. Betty has small body, tiny eyes, and short tail. Her hair is white and very soft. She is only 1 kg weight. That’s why, I like to cuddle her. Betty eats some meat and drinks some milk. I give her special food every Sunday and Wednesday. It’s a can of dog food that I buy at a pet shop near my house. Betty likes running. When I throw a ball or a doll, she runs after it. After she gets it, she comes and gives it to me.

Writen by Fadli Eha Genre: Descriptive Text

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My House

I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.

When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.
My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room there is a night table next to the bed, a TV, a radio, and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook and so on.
Next to my bedroom is my mother’s. I do not know what is inside because I never come in to see it. In the right side of the living room there is the kitchen. In the kitchen I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks, the smell fills my whole house.
I know it is a very small house; but it is the best place I have ever seen.

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